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Aims and scope

Near Surface Geophysics is an international journal for the publication of research and development in geophysics applied to near surface. It places emphasis on geological, hydrogeological, geotechnical, environmental, engineering, mining, archaeological, agricultural and other applications of geophysics as well as physical soil and rock properties. Geophysical and geoscientific case histories with innovative use of geophysical techniques are welcome, which may include improvements on instrumentation, measurements, data acquisition and processing, modelling, inversion, interpretation, project management and multidisciplinary use. The papers should also be understandable to those who use geophysical data but are not necessarily geophysicists.

Impact Factor 2013: 1.01

Near Surface Geophysics is indexed/abstracted in the Current Contents/ Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences , ISI Alerting Service and Science Citation Index Expanded .

Near Surface Geophysics is published 6 times a year.


Near Surface 2015 comes full circle in Turin

After the success of Near Surface Geoscience 2014 in Athens, next year’s Near Surface Geoscience Conference in Turin on 6-10 September will again host several parallel conferences to give attendees great value for money. 

The 2015 NSG Conference will host the 21st European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics and two parallel events: the First Conference on Proximal Sensing Supporting Precision Agriculture and the First European Airborne Electromagnetics Conference. The call for papers for all three events will close on 15 April 2015.

A wide technical exhibition will showcase recent technological developments on the market. 

Exhibitors are encouraged to be strongly involved in the scientific programme with short presentations, given in the booths and/or at field demonstrations. Two workshops and two exciting field trips will be organized. Both workshops are planned with keynote lectures and presentations in the form of posters or short notes, in order to stimulate discussions. 

The Workshop on Archeological imaging will focus on the integration of different geophysical methods and digital imaging to provide a virtual reconstruction of antiquities.

The workshop on Earth’s Critical Zone (CZ) focuses on the thin veneer of the planet from the top to the tree canopy to the bottom of the aquifers. This is the host of several key chemical, physical and biological processes that control many of the interactions of the planet with the atmosphere and support nearly all human activity. The workshop aims at presenting the state of the art for geophysical characterization of the CZ, and at indicating ways forward.

The field trips will be linked with the main issues discussed during the conference. A field trip in the Langhe region (50 km outside Turin) will provide demonstration tests on sensors for soil mapping in precision agriculture and an opportunity to enjoy great food and wines of the region. A second field trip on glaciers will take place at the gorgeous glaciers of Mont Blanc or ‘Monte Rosa’ with peaks higher than 4 km. It will be a great opportunity to attend field presentations on different methods and try out new instruments to map snow and glacier properties. 

A social programme with an Italian flavour will be put on to celebrate the 21st birthday of the European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics.  

(Source First Break December 2014)



Near Surface Geoscience Meeting in Athens draws presidential royal flush

The growing importance of the EAGE’s Near Surface Geoscience Meeting in Athens on September 15-18 was attested by the presence of the presidents of some of the major geoscience organisations – EAGE president Philip Ringrose was joined by the presidents of both the SEG and the ASEG.

They were some 373 conference and exhibition participants and 75 workshop participants, who also had access to other events during the Near Surface Geosciences meeting – the First Applied Shallow Marine Geophysics Conference and the First International EuroGPR School. 

Among the distinguished speakers at the Near Surface Geosciences meeting was Don Steeples who presented the evolution of near surface seismics; Koya Suto, who presented the Australian experience in mining, environmental and engineering geophysics; and Michael Zhdanov, who presented modelling in electromagnetics. There were two successful workshops on urban and monitoring geophysics presented by the world-renowned experts (Yilmaz, Xia, Lin, Ivanov, Dahlin, Kim, Supper, Chambers, Tsourlos). 

The conference included two field trips. The Lavrion field trip, organized by EAGE, included a visit to the mining area from ancient to recent times as well as a visit to ancient temple of Poseidon in Cape Sounio with its famous sunset. HGU organized a fieldtrip to Santorini Island, which included a visit to the volcano with its caldera, where volcanological-oceanographic- geophysical monitoring was carried out before participants could relax to enjoy the world famous Oia sunset. 

The exhibition of Near Surface Geoscience was the central meeting place of the event. More than 370 delegates participated in one or all of the three parallel conferences and gathered in the exhibition area to network, raise a glass during the icebreaker and exchange ideas. At the exhibition, 25 companies represented the industry. On Tuesday the special exhibits/field demonstrations attracted a lot of people. 

For 2015 in Turin the organizers will proceed with this initiative and look forward to continuing the growth of the Near Surface Geoscience conference and exhibition. 

(Source First Break November 2014)



New EAGE publication!

Application Manual of Geophysical Methods to Engineering and Environmental Problems
Edited by the Society of the Exploration Geophysicists of Japan


This manual has been prepared for young geophysicists and geotechnical engineers with some experience or interest in geophysical surveys and clients who use the result of geophysical surveys. This book neither introduces new methods nor attempts to explain the latest technological advances in geophysics. Instead, it is a manual aimed at fostering a common understanding of geophysical surveys between geophysicists and their clients. The main chapters describe procedures for planning, data acquisition, analysis and reporting for twenty geophysical survey methods that are widely used.

Although some techniques explained in this book were developed for local applications in Japan, the information is also expected to be useful in neighboring Asian nations and other countries where there are complicated geological structures. We believe this will be useful to all geophysicists and engineers worldwide. We decided to publish this English edition to commemorate the 65th anniversary of SEGJ with the cooperation of EAGE.

This book describes the basic procedures common in geophysical surveys in Japan. Only the basics are presented for new methods and applications. Other methods may also be applicable, depending on the stage, objective, or purpose of the exploration. Readers are advised of the importance of understanding the concepts behind the procedures rather than simply following the procedure described, particularly when the techniques are used under different conditions.

Major methods, such as ground-penetrating radar and seismic surveys, are classed in chapters. For some survey methods, different approaches in measurement are summarized in subchapters. For example, a summary and an overview of common electrical prospecting methods are given at the beginning of Chapter 6 and three different measurements (self-potential, resistivity sounding and two- and three-dimensional resistivity) are summarized in subchapters 6.1, 6.2 and 6.3, respectively. Thus, each chapter or subchapter helps the reader to understand the procedure of planning and implementing the survey method. 

Chapter 1 outlines the general procedures of geophysical surveys. This is an important chapter that describes the guidelines that are common to all the geophysical techniques. We strongly recommend the readers to read this chapter before proceeding to the subsequent chapters of specific survey methods. 

In each chapter, the first section outlines the procedures and presents an overview of the method. In the second part of the chapter, the applicability of the method appropriate to the purpose and target is introduced. The general procedure from planning and preparation, on-site measurement, data reduction, analysis to interpretation is explained.

Depending on the importance, the notes are classified into three ranks: boxes containing items, notes and supplementary notes:
1) Boxes containing items: basics and most important items.
2) Notes: Notes on practice and points to notice.
3) Supplementary Notes: Matters that should be considered and practiced in some cases.

The terms are expressed in bulleted lists with brief statements. Some of the notes and items in the boxes can also be used in a particular specification. The theory, background and detailed methods for these items are described after the terms. Apart from the commentary and items, knowledge regarding each technique is provided in a “coffee-break” column.

The deliverables of each method are described in the last part of the chapters. The deliverables usually include a report with attached documents and electronic files. For example, in Japan, image files of the final report of a geophysical survey for civil engineering designs must be delivered electronically to the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Electronic delivery allows tracing back the survey procedure, re-evaluating the data quality and re-analyzing the survey data. 

This is a practical book in geophysical surveys and only minimal descriptions of the theoretical background are included. Readers who wish to learn more about the theoretical aspects of the methods should refer to textbooks of the method.
Finally, we thank all those who contributed to this English edition.
Takao Aizawa (Chief Editor)
Contributors

For more information please visit the EAGE Bookshop.  

 



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